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A little about structure: this is a glossary. In order for it to be useful for looking up terms, it has to have some sort of structure. Traditionally, dictionaries and glossaries are arranged in alphabetical order and contain short definitions. Sign each of your terms individually. (By sign, I mean that you should use the next-to-the-last icon button above the edit box to put your date and time stamp in.) Also, put the word you are defining in boldface (use the edit buttons above). Don't add cross-references (see also) unless you also add the cross-referenced term and its definition elsewhere. When you cite your sources, give the complete URL or full APA citation for a print source.

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z



B Edit

Blogs Functioning as an online newsletter, blogs can be written by one person or a group of contributors. Entries contain commentary and links to other Web sites, and images as well as a search facility may also be included. A blog with video clip entries instead of text is a "video Weblog" (see vlog). - Michael BJ

Although some blogs invite feedback and comments from visitors, Internet newsgroup discussions, which started long before the Web, tend to be more question-and-answer oriented (see newsgroup). See also cyberjournal. - Michael BJ

Software and Services Blogs took off in 1999 after blog development applications such as Pitas, Blogger and GrokSoup were released. The template-based software made it easy to create an online blog and continuously add entries without having to write the pages in HTML. Blog hosting services make it even easier to create a blog. All the development is done through the browser, and no software downloads are required. - Michael BJ

Sites that Index Blogs By the end of 2005, there were more than 20 million blogs, and there are sites that track and index them (visit www.technorati.com and http://blogsearch.google.com). - Michael BJ

The News Feed Many blog sites offer an RSS or Atom syndication feed that provides headlines of their latest entries along with URLs to the content (see syndication feed).

Search the Blogosphere After the 9/11 attacks in New York, blogs were used to convey information, thoughts and feelings faster than any previous method. On controversial issues as well as mainstream subjects, blogs can quickly reach people around the world. The "blogosphere," which is the world of blogs, has become such a forum for public expression that it is being routinely crawled for reactions and opinions about products, politics and issues of all kinds. See crawler, blogrolling, blognosing, blogorrhea, blogger, War blog and dooced.

techweb

Boolean "Boolean is a logic system. Using the "AND" operator between terms retrieves documents containing both terms. "OR" retrieves documents containing either term. "NOT" excludes the retrieval of terms from your search. Use "NOT" with caution." Information Retrieved from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/pubmed_tutorial/glossary.html --Melanie 18:06, 29 March 2006 (UTC)

Broadband Broadband is a form of data transmission where a single medium (wire) can carry different types of information simultaneously. For example; a single cable may provide internet access, telephone and cable television.Broadband is commonly (mis)used as an synonym for high-bandwidth. Broadband describes the properties of the medium used for data transmission; while bandwidth is the rate of data transfer. Information Retrieved from: http://www.motive.co.nz/glossary/broadband.php --Jinxia 13:39, 25 April 2006 (UTC)


Bandwidth Bandwidth is the rate at which digital information (data) can be transferred. A standard measurement is bits-per-second (bps) or kilobits per second (kbs). Consumer modems generally operate at either 28.8kbs or 56kps. Information Retrieved from: http://www.motive.co.nz/glossary/bandwidth.php --Jinxia 13:42, 25 April 2006 (UTC)

C Edit

cache-A cache is a special high-speed storage mechanism. It can be either a reserved section of main memory or an independent high-speed storage device. Information retrieved from Webopedia, [1]--Kim 23:58, 23 March 2006 (UTC)

CCK "Short for Complementary Code Keying, a set of 64 eight-bit code words used to encode data for 5.5 and 11Mbps data rates in the 2.4GHz band of 802.11b wireless networking. the code words have unique mathematical properties that allow them to be correctly distinguished form one another by receiver even in the presence of substantial noise and multipath interference. CCK works only in conjunction with the DSSS technology that is psecified in the original 802.11 standard. It does not work with FHSS. Information retrieved from: http://fi-fiplanet.webopedia.com/TERM/C/CCK.html --Nathalie 23:39, 9 April 2006 (UTC)


Character It represents a letter, number, or punctuation. Information was retrieved from: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/c/character_string.html User:Kim --Kim 00:19, 23 April 2006 (UTC)


Character String A series of characters manipulated as a group. A character string differs from a name in that it does not represent anything -- a name stands for some other object. A character string is often specified by enclosing the characters in single or double quotes. For example, WASHINGTON would be a name, but 'WASHINGTON' and "WASHINGTON" would be character strings. This information was retrieved from: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/c/character_string.html User:Kim --Kim 00:19, 23 April 2006 (UTC)


Content Embargo - a defined time (usually 6-24 months) during which the most recently published material is withheld from accessibility through fulltext databases. --DerrickC 17:28, 26 March 2006 (UTC)

Controlled Vocabulary- Pre-determined words or phrases used for searching databases as "a means of controlling or standardizing the many variations in terminology to provide consistency." Information retrieved from Washington State University Library --Melanie 03:33, 4 February 2006

Cookie-A cookie is a text file that is stored on your hard disk by a web server. Cookies cannot be used to run programs or deliver viruses to your computer. Cookies are uniquely assigned to your computer, and can only be read by a web server in the domain that issued the cookie. Information retrieved from MSN help [2] [[User:Kim--Kim 15:15, 18 March 2006 (UTC)

Copy - To duplicate a block of text or a graphic and place it in the “clipboard” area of memory. Information retrieved from http://www.kgcs.k12.va.us/ttc/vocabulary.htm --Kim 15:22, 10 April 2006 (UTC)

Critical thinking is an approach to decision-making that involves careful reading and listening, sharp thinking, logical analysis, good visualization, and healthy skepticism. Retrieved February 10, 2006, from http://www-math.cudenver.edu/~wbriggs/2000f00/ct_slides.html --Jianlan Fu 04:02, 11 February 2006 (UTC)

D Edit

Defragmentation-When you use the same file over and over again, writing, rewriting, saving, and deleting parts of it on the same disk, the file becomes fragmented. That means that although you can't tell, your operating system is storing all the data from that file as separate packages of information, distributed on different parts of the disk. Although fragmentation does not lose the information contained in the file, it does eventually slow down access to the file itself, because the OS must search the whole disk to create the sum of the file's parts. Defragmentation collects all those parts into one stream of data again, speeding up your system. Definition retrieved from http://www.cnet.com/Resources/Info/Glossary/Terms/defragmentation.html [Kim] --208.183.105.11 15:18, 11 April 2006 (UTC)


Digital Library- Organizations that provide the resources, including the specialized staff, to select, structure, offer intellectural access to, interpret, distribute, preserve the integrity of, and ensure the persistence over time of collections of digital works so that they are readily and economically available for use by a defined community or set of communities. Information Technology and Libraries 24 no2 47-56 Je 2005. --Gil Johnson 14:58, 4 April 2006 (UTC)

Discourse communities – groups of people who communicate by shared assumptions, cultural cues and values. Retrieved From: WSU Library --DerrickC 01:50, 9 February 2006 (UTC)

Document File Format is a binary file format for storing documents on a storage media, especially for use by computers. There currently exist a multitude of incompatible document file formats. The file format currently used by Microsoft Word (.doc) is arguably the most widespread de facto-standard. Retrieved April 15, 2006, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Document_file_format --Jianlan Fu 03:20, 16 April 2006 (UTC)


DSSS "Acronym for direct-sequence spread spectrum. DSSS is one of two types of spread spectrum radio, the other being frequency-hopping spread spectrum (FHSS). DSSS is a transmission technology used in LAWN transmissions where a data signal at the sending station is combined with a higher data rate bit sequence, or chipping code, that divides the user data according to a spreading ratio. the chipping code is a redundant bit pattern for each bit that is transmitted, which increases the signal's resistance to interference. If one or more bits in the pattern are damaged during transmission, the original data can be recovered due to the redundancy of the transmission." Information retrieved from: http://wi-fiplanet.webopedia.com/TERM/D/DSS.html --Nathalie 23:31, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

E Edit

E-Books-"An electronic book. Usually, it is a book that has previously been published in paper, reproduced in electronic format, and made available on a database such as netLibrary." Informaion Retrieved from Glossary of Library Terms --64.12.116.13 16:43, 11 February 2006 (UTC)--Melanie 21:16, 19 February 2006 (UTC)( I had to resign because I was not logged in when I first posted this thus there are two time stamps.)

Electronic Database A collection of information organized so that a computer can quickly access requested data. Databases are organized by fields, records, and files and are searched or browsed using a wide range of tools. Information retrieved from http://eduscapes.com/earth/database3.html --Amy B 00:08, 3 April 2006 (UTC)

Extrinsic Motivation involves external driving factors. Typically these include rewards of penalties, such as the results of summative assessment, eligibility for employment, increased pay or grading, or changed contractual status. Reference: Ghaoui, C. (2004). E-education appications: human factors and innovative approaches. PA Idea Group Publishing [Electronic Version]. Hershey. Retrieved February 13, 2006, from http://www.netlibrary.com.ezproxy.etsu.edu:2048/library_home_page.asp--Jianlan Fu 15:44, 18 February 2006 (UTC)

Ezine is a periodic publication distributed by email or posted on a website. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ezine --Amy B 00:47, 27 February 2006 (UTC)

F Edit

FHSS "Acronym for frequently-hopping spread spectrum. FHSS is one of two types of spread spectrum radio, the other being direct-sequence spread spectrum. FHSS is a transmission technology used in LAWN transmissions where the data signal is modulated with a narrowband carrier signal that "hops" in a random but predictable sequence from frequency to frequency as a function of time over a wide band of frequencies. The signal energy is spread in time domain rather than chopping each bit into small pieces in the frequency domain. This technique reduces interference because a signal from a narrowband system will only affect the spread spectrum signal if both are transmitting at the same frequency at the same time. If synchronized properly, a signal logical channel is maintained." Information retrieved from: http://wi-fiplanet.webopedia.com/TERM/F/FHSS.html --Nathalie 23:22, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

Fields In database systems the fields are the smallest units of informaton you can access. This information was obtained from http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/F/field.html -- User:Kim--Kim 01:05, 13 March 2006 (UTC)

Filewipe A security measure when selling, giving away or retiring a computer. A file wipe completely erases the data from the hard disk.

Deleting Does Not Erase When a file is deleted in an application or file manager, only the file name in the directory is marked as deleted. The data still reside in the disk sectors until overwritten by new data by the same or some other application. In the meantime, if somebody wanted the file badly enough, it can be reconstructed from the sector data.

Wipe Means Write Wiping the hard disk means actually erasing the data in the disk sectors. For maximum security, experts claim that random data should be written into the sectors several times, because forensic analysis can detect the previous magnetic residue if the magnetic bits are overwritten only once. In addition, caches such as the recycle bin and trash can are also cleared. See wipe.

Firewall A hardware or software device that controls what traffic comes in and out of a network or computer. It can protect networks and computers from intrusion and worms. http://www.nosi.net/book/print/31. --Gil Johnson 18:31, 16 March 2006 (UTC)

G Edit

Gatekeeping function is the control of what gets published according to their view of what is valuable or appropriate to their discipline or sub-discipline at the time. This information was obtained from Washington State University Library. [[User:Kim --Kim 00:03, 10 February 2006 (UTC)]]

Graphical Information can be pictures, drawings, maps, diagrams, 3-D models, charts, or any of those combinations. One of my favorite websites is the 3-D Twirler at [3] You can create 3-D shapes and change the point of view, add colors, patterns, make it transparent, etc.


H Edit

Hypertext is a special type of database system, invented by Ted Nelson in the 1960s, in which objects (text, pictures, music, programs, and so on) can be creatively linked to each other. When you select an object, you can see all the other objects that are linked to it. You can move from one object to another even though they might have very different forms. For example, while reading a document about Mozart, you might click on the phrase Violin Concerto in A Major, which could display the written score or perhaps even invoke a recording of the concerto. Clicking on the name Mozart might cause various illustrations of Mozart to appear on the screen. The icons that you select to view associated objects are called Hypertext links or buttons. Hypertext systems are particularly useful for organizing and browsing through large databases that consist of disparate types of information. There are several Hypertext systems available for Apple Macintosh computers and PCs that enable you to develop your own databases. Such systems are often called authoring systems . HyperCard software from Apple Computer is the most famous. This information was obtained from Webopedia.[[4]]--209.215.52.1 01:50, 2 April 2006 (UTC)--Kim 01:58, 2 April 2006 (UTC)


I Edit

Indexes - search engines that use special software programs, sometimes called "spiders," to collect websites from all over the Internet. Information retrieved from [5]--User:Sandra--72.161.56.233 05:01, 18 February 2006 (UTC)

Infomark is a stable URL, linked to your Thomson Gale online resources. InfoMarks can be used like any other URL*, but they’re better because they’re stable – they don’t change. Using an InfoMark is like performing the search again whenever you follow the link – whether the result is a single article or a list of articles. http://www.galegroup.com/infomarks/about.htm Jane --Zjec37 21:52, 20 April 2006 (UTC)


Intrinsic Motivation is the internal drive to learn: the student's personal desire to learn or acquire new knowledge , skills or attitudes. Internally motivated students enjoy learning and achieving results, and participating in the learning process itself. Reference: the same as above.--Jianlan Fu 15:44, 18 February 2006 (UTC)

Invisible College: a network or web of informal communication among individuals with similar interests. It contrasts with the more formal ways that scholars use for obtaining information, such as doing literature reviews in libraries. The invisible college lacks formal organizational structure, and formality in its method of communication. "Invisibility" describes a component of its very existence. http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/electric/trainingmods/gened300/academic_disciplines/discourse.htm. --Gil Johnson 18:28, 10 February 2006 (UTC)

IP Number - Internet Protocol number. A unique number consisting of four parts separated by dots, for example 129.237.247.243. This is the number assigned to a host machine which is retrieved by a DNS when a request for an Internet site is made. These numbers usually correspond to unique domain names, which are easier for people to remember. Information was retrieved from http://www.4teachers.org/techalong/glossary/ --Kim 15:33, 10 April 2006 (UTC)

J Edit

Java-A programming language which accommodates applets into Web page design. Definition retrieved from http://teacher.scholastic.com/professional/teachtech/internetglossary.htm [Kim] --208.183.105.11 15:10, 11 April 2006 (UTC)


Journal Aggregator- a product that consolidates journals from multiple publishers in a common interface and search environment with the publisher receiving substantial revenue from offering the journal (Parker and Dollar, 2005) --DerrickC 17:31, 26 March 2006 (UTC)


JPEG- One of the formats used to display graphics on Web pages. Definition retrieved from http://teacher.scholastic.com/professional/teachtech/internetglossary.htm [Kim] --66.4.225.11 15:11, 11 April 2006 (UTC)

K Edit

Kernel The software that controls the most important tasks on your computer. It is responsible for process management (what applications are running and how), disk management and memory management. http://www.nosi.net/book/print/31. --Gil Johnson 18:40, 16 March 2006 (UTC)

L Edit

Linux(also known as GNU/Linux) is a computer operating system. It is one of the most prominent examples of free software and of open-source development; unlike proprietary operating systems such as Windows, all of its underlying source code is available to the public for anyone to freely use, modify, improve, and redistribute.Retrieved April 15, 2006, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux --Jianlan Fu 03:20, 16 April 2006 (UTC)

M Edit

Mentoring In the traditional sense, provides a broader, less specific perspective [than coaching] that gives the student an opportunity to form a development relationship with a tutor and gain information from an experienced source. The mentor also helps establish the organizational culture and guide the student in his or her academic development. Reference: the same as above.--Jianlan Fu 15:44, 18 February 2006 (UTC)

Metadata – 1. Descriptive information used to describe or analyze data. Describes how, when, and by whom a particular set of data was collected and how it was formatted. 2. An encoded description of an information package. McCain, M., Merrill, M. (2001). Dictionary for School Library Media Specialists: A Practical and Comprehensive Guide. Englewood: Colorado Libraries.--DerrickC 17:47, 13 February 2006 (UTC)

Meta Search Engine - A server that passes queries on to many search engines and directories, then summarizes the results. Ask Jeeves, Dogpile, Metacrawler, Metafind and Metasearch are meta search engines. Information retrieved from Cavalier Web Solutions--Melanie 22:06, 15 March 2006 (UTC)

Multimedia/Hypermedia Information is a combination of several types of information. It can include video. I found a website that showed its customers the ride of several roller coasters that they offered at the theme park. Check it out at Parc Asterix. (--Nathalie 19:56, 8 February 2006 (UTC)[6])

N Edit

Natural Language "Some search engines or databases allow searching with Natural Language questions instead of search statements constructed by formal rules; eg “what is the effect of advertising on children’s eating habits?” (natural language) versus “advertising and eating habit* and children” (formal search statement)." Information Retrieved from: http://www.sunysb.edu/library/tutorial/glossary/--Melanie 17:57, 29 March 2006 (UTC)

Nesting A term used in Boolean searching to indicate the sequence in which operations are to be performed. Enclosing words in parentheses identifies a group or "nest." Groups can be within other groups. The operations will be performed from the innermost nest to the outmost, and then from left to right. Information retrieved from: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Glossary.html User:Kim--Kim 00:04, 23 April 2006 (UTC)

netLibrary gives online access through the web to the full text of books from prominent publishers. Currently, it provides access to almost 20,000 copyrighted eBooks and 4,500 non-copyrighted eBooks (Project Gutenberg). In its copyrighted collection, it offers for sale a wide range of current monographs on scholarly topics from African studies to zoology from major academic publishers. http://www.uwosh.edu/library/news/2000/novem00.html --Zjec37 21:12, 20 April 2006 (UTC) Jane.

O Edit

Open DataBase Connectivity, ODBC It is a standard that allows databases to talk to one another easily, either within one system, or across a network or the internet. http://www.nosi.net/book/print/31 --Gil Johnson 18:46, 16 March 2006 (UTC)

OFDM, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing "It is a communications technique that divides a communications channel into a number of equally spaced frequency bands. A subcarrier carrying a portion of the user information is transmitted in each band. Each subcarrier is orthogonal (independant of each other) with every other subcarrier, differentiating OFDM from the commonly used frequency division multiplexing (FDM)". http://www.webproforum.com/online/tutorials/ofdm/ from International Engineering Consortium website Nathalie 22:33, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

P Edit

Paste - Places the contents of the clipboard into a document at the current cursor position. Retrieved from http://www.kgcs.k12.va.us/ttc/vocabulary.htm --Kim 15:18, 10 April 2006 (UTC)


Phrase More than one KEYWORD, searched exactly as keyed (all terms required to be in documents, in the order keyed). Enclosing keywords in quotations " " forms a phrase in AltaVista, , and some other search tools. Some times a phrase is called a "character string." Information retrieved from: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Glossary.html [[User:]] --Kim 00:08, 23 April 2006 (UTC)


Primary data : original manuscripts, census data, experiments which are the uninterpreted, unfiltered record or raw material about some issue or phenomenon. Retrieved from: http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/electric/trainingmods/gened300/academic_disciplines/discourse2.htm --Jinxia 18:13, 12 February 2006 (UTC)

Q Edit

Query- A query is a request for information from a database. This information was retrieved from [[7]]--Kim 23:57, 25 March 2006 (UTC)

Question analysis: a schema for analyzing any research topic by applying certain high-level frames to the topic so that specific information resources can be identified. Rather than remembering large numbers of databases, reference books, directories, or other sources, you need only remember the schema because it applies to most topics you may be researching. 1. Disciplines interested in topic 2. Producers of information 3. Time frame 4. Types of information needed 5. Main concepts and search terms 6. Formal and/or informal sources http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/electric/trainingmods/gened300/Question_Analysis/index.htm--Amy B 01:22, 12 February 2006 (UTC)

R Edit

Records - Fields Databases follow a definite structure. They are made up of units called records. Each record, in turn, is made up of fields, which are specific categories of data about the item-the title of a book, the author of an article, the publisher (imprint), the publication date. http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/electric/trainingmods/gened300/database_structure/index.htm Jane Combs JaneCombs 04:14, 5 Feb 2006

RSS RDF Site Summary, or Rich Site Summary, or Really Simple Syndication – A lightweight XML format for distributing news headlines and other content on the Web. Information retrieved from http://www.jisc.ac.uk/index.cfm --Melanie 22:19, 1 April 2006 (UTC)

S Edit

Sandbox-A protected, limited area in computer memory where applications (generally Java-based) are allowed to "play" without risking damage to the system that hosts them. Information retrieved from http://www.cnet.com/Resources/Info/Glossary/Terms/sandbox.html [Kim] --66.4.225.11 15:22, 11 April 2006 (UTC)


Secondary resources:Journal articles or reference resources (tertiary resources), which summarize and interpret primary data or someone else's original research. Retrieved from:http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/electric/trainingmods/gened300/academic_disciplines/discourse2.htm --Jinxia 18:13, 12 February 2006 (UTC)

Shortcuts - Key strokes that enact the same commands available in the menus of a program. They are quicker and more direct, and usually involve two or three keys depressed simultaneously. An example is the save shortcut: CTRL + s on a PC or +s on a Mac. Information retrieved from http://www.4teachers.org/techalong/glossary/ --Kim 19:17, 10 April 2006 (UTC)

SourceForgeis a collaborative software development management system. SourceForge software is sold by VA Software. It provides a front-end to a range of software development lifecycle services and integrates with a number of open source applications (such as PostgreSQL and CVS). Retrieved April 15, 2006,from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SourceForge --Jianlan Fu 03:20, 16 April 2006 (UTC)


Spiders -Spiders are computer robot programs, referred to sometimes as "crawlers" or "knowledge-bots" or "knowbots" that are used by search engines to roam the World Wide Web via the Internet, visit sites and databases, and keep the search engine database of web pages up to date. They obtain new pages, update known pages, and delete obsolete ones. Their findings are then integrated into the "home" database. This information was retrieved from [[8]]--Kim 23:57, 25 March 2006 (UTC)


Stemming- Stemming is in keyword searching, word endings are automatically removed (lines becomes line); searches are performed on the stem + common endings (line or lines retrieves line, lines, line's, lines', lining, lined). Not very common as a practice, and not always disclosed. Can usually be avoided by placing a term in " ". The information was retrieved from [[9]]--Kim 23:57, 25 March 2006 (UTC)

Stop words are those words which are so common that they are useless to index or use in search engines or other search indexes. Usually articles, adverbials or adpositions are stop words. In English some obvious stop words would be "a", "of", "the", "I", "it", "you", and "and". http://www.ask.com/web?q=what+is+stopwords&qsrc=0&o=0 Jane --Zjec37 21:39, 20 April 2006 (UTC)


Streaming is the process of sending media over a network for viewing in real time. Streams can originate from a live source, such as a video camera, a live "web cast," or an audio feed from a radio station, or the source can be a QuickTime movie stored on the server. In either case, the user is not downloading a file when viewing a streamed data source. The data is simply being displayed as it arrives by the plug-in. Reference: the same as above.--Jianlan Fu 15:44, 18 February 2006 (UTC)

Stumbler "is a software program that looks for wireless networks and determines whether the network is open or closed. A well-known example is NetStumbler." The information is retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TECH/internet/10/25/glossary/ --Nathalie 23:05, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

SSID "SSID is an acronym for Service Set Identifier. The SSID is a sequence of up to 32 letters of numbers that is the ID, or name, of a wireless local area network. The SSID is set by a network administrator and for open wireless networks, the SSID is broadcast to all wireless devices within range of the network access point. A closed wireless network does not broadcast the SSID, requiring users to know the SSID to access the network. Most wireless base stations come with a default SSID that is easily found on the Internet and security experts recommend changing the default SSID to protect your network." The information is retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TECH/internet/10/25/glossary/ --Nathalie 23:12, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

Summit is a large catalog that searches the holdings of academic libraries all over Washington and Oregon. http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/electric/trainingmods/ddp_student_online_tour/BasicsDocumentTrainer.html--Gil Johnson 20:24, 12 February 2006 (UTC)

Server A server is a networked computer that allows other users to access files (e.g. webpages) and/or applications (e.g. email). Information retrieved from http://www.motive.co.nz/glossary/server.php --Jinxia 13:46, 25 April 2006 (UTC)

Search engine optimisation is a process or strategy designed to improve a webpage’s relevance ranking on a search engine result page (SERP). In the early days of the web, optimisation involved carefully crafting metadata, setting up link farms and building reciprocal links to improve a website’s popularity―Google, for one, factors the number of links that point to a webpage (incoming links) into it’s relevance ranking (PageRank). Now, with the paid placement and submission fees to guarantee a listing, economics seem poised to triumph over content. Information retrieved from http://www.motive.co.nz/glossary/seo.php --Jinxia 14:02, 25 April 2006 (UTC)

T Edit

TIFF is an acronym for Tagged Image File Format. It is a graphic file format developed By Aldus and Microsoft. It is used for digital scanned images. Most computers will recognize TIFF format. Reference: www.auditmypc.com/acronym/TIFF.asp --Nathalie 19:28, 15 March 2006 (UTC)

Trunciation: a symbol that tells a database to find any words that begin with the letters you typed, regardless of how the words end Information retrieved from: Washington State University Library -- Sandra--72.161.62.102 00:44, 11 February 2006 (UTC)

U Edit

Usability The extent to which a product can be used by specified users to achieve specified goals with effectiveness, efficiency, and satisfaction in a specified context of use. Information technology and libraries [0730-9295] Jeng yr:2005 vol:24 iss:2 pg:47 -56 --Gil Johnson 19:29, 5 April 2006 (UTC)

V Edit

Version Numbering All software that is released to the public (and most that is not) is assigned a version number, which helps to keep track of the status of that software, and allows users to know whether it is the most up to date. http://www.nosi.net/book/print/31 --Gil Johnson 18:52, 16 March 2006 (UTC)

Virus - A program that disrupts the normal operation of a computer. It can cause a variety of problems, from the appearance of annoying messages to the destruction of information on your hard drive. Viruses can infect your computer from incoming modem transmissions. They can also enter your computer through an infected floppy disk or through a network connection. Information retrieved from http://www.maran.com/dictionary/v/virus/index.html --208.183.105.11 19:43, 10 April 2006 (UTC)

Virtual Learning Environments The practical nature of the design of the online learning experience has been profoundly influenced by the growing use in Higher Education of integrated learning management software pachages, often referred to as Virtual Learning Environments. Reference: the same as above.--Jianlan Fu 15:44, 18 February 2006 (UTC)

Virtual Reality Interfaces - The hardware and programming used to create the illusion of three-dimensional objects for on-screen virtual reality environments. Information retrieved from http://www.kgcs.k12.va.us/ttc/vocabulary.htm--Kim 15:28, 10 April 2006 (UTC)

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) A technology that allows a user to make telephone calls using a broadband or high-speed Internet connection instead of a regular analog phone line. Calls may be made from computer-to-computer, ATA (analog telephone adaptor), or using specialized IP phones. Information retrieved from http://www.fcc.gov/voip and http://www.howstuffworks.com/ip-telephony.htm --Amy B 02:25, 10 April 2006 (UTC)

W Edit

Warchalking "Warchalking is the name given to the practice of drawing symbols in public places to alert others to the location of a Wi-Fi wireless network. The symbols, typically drawn in chalk on a building, indicate whether the network is open, closed or whether it uses encryption." Information retrieved from http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TECH/internet/10/25/glossary/ --Nathalie 22:59, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

Wardriving "Wardriving is the term for finding and marking the locations and status of wireless networks. Wardrivers typically use software to determine whether the network is open or closed with a Global Position System device to record the location. A wardriver marks the spot either by using a symbol written in chalk ona building near the spot- known as warchalking- or mapping the locations and posting it on the Internet." Information retrieved from: http://edition.cnn.com/2004/TECH/internet/10/25/glossary/ --Nathalie 22:55, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

WEP, Wireless Equivalent Privacy It is a "compression used in WiFi networks. It existst in two different security levels, 40 (64) bit and 128 bit encryption. The higher the bit number, the more secure the encryption." Information retrieved from: www.axis.com/corporate/corp/glossary_video.htm --Nathalie 23:47, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

WiFi Webopedia's definition of WiFi (or Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi, Wifi, wifi), is: "Short for wireless fidelity and is meant to be used generically when referring of any type of 802.11 network, wether 802.11b, 802.11a, dual-band, etc. The term is promulgated by the Wi-Fi Alliance. Any Wi-Fi product using the same radio frequency (for example, 2,4GHz for 802.11b or 11g, 5GHz for 802.11a) will work with any other, even if not "Wi-Fi Certified"." Information retrieved from http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/W/Wi_Fi.html --Nathalie 22:46, 9 April 2006 (UTC)

Wikipedia is an encyclopedia written by individuals. Information can be edited, added, deleted or changed by anyone. The inventors of Wikipedia are Jim Wales and Larry Sanger. The question about Wikipedia is how accurate and/or biased is the information (Charles Allen, Tennessee Libraries, vol. 55, no. 4).--Nathalie 19:28, 8 February 2006 (UTC)

Wild card are symbols in Boolean searching.Instead of using letters, they can be replaced by "+" between two keywords instead of the word "and". (www.library.arizona.edu/rio/glossary.htm). --Nathalie 19:25, 15 March 2006 (UTC)

World Wide Web "Function: noun: a part of the Internet designed to allow easier navigation of the network through the use of graphical user interfaces and hypertext links between different addresses -- called also Web" Merriam-Webster Online--Melanie 20:13, 25 March 2006 (UTC)

Web conferencing Web conferencing is used to hold group meetings or live presentations over the Internet. In the early years of the Internet, the terms "web conferencing" and "computer conferencing" were often used to refer to group discussions conducted within a message board (via posted text messages), but the term has evolved to refer specifically to "live" or "synchronous" meetings, while the posted message variety of discussion is called a "forum", "message board", or "bulletin board". Information retrieved from http://www.learn-source.com/career/web_conference.html --Jinxia 13:23, 25 April 2006 (UTC)

Wilson OmniFile Full Text, Mega Edition is a multidisciplinary database providing the complete content - indexing, abstracts, and full text,page images, article abstracts, and citations from thousands of sources. Coverage back as early as 1982 ensures that every search is as deep as it is broad. Users have access to information on virtually any subject.Coverage: indexing 1982- present, abstracting 1984- present, fulltext 1994- present. Information retrieved from http://www.hwwilson.com/Databases/omnifile.htm --Jinxia 13:30, 25 April 2006 (UTC)

Z Edit

Zipped Files - Zipped files are files that are compressed and must be "unzipped" to be read. Zipped files download faster because they are smaller than an uncompressed equivalent. Information retrieved from http://www.4teachers.org/techalong/glossary/ --Kim 19:26, 10 April 2006 (UTC)


Last Alphabetized by -- --DerrickC 17:28, 26 March 2006 (UTC))

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